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Summary of the Text
This article is the product of extensive research on the role of lawyers and ethical legal dilemmas in Italy during the Second World War. Specifically, it represents a concise summation of the attitudes, actions, and effects of Italian lawyers in Fascist society, particularly in relation to the race laws passed by Benito Mussolini in 1938 and the subsequent treatment of Jews living in Italy. Sources consulted include an array of legal and non-legal resources ranging from a complete history of lawyers since the unification of the Republic in 1861 to a collection of narratives authored by Italian Holocaust survivors.