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The first annual report of the new Italian National Anti-Corruption Authority (ANAC), presented to the Italian Parliament on the 2nd of July 2015, was particularly significant for the Authority. I have the honour to preside over; it is an “official baptism”, considering that last year was the year in which in Italy an Authority charged with preventing corruption functions was effectively structured.
Preventing Corruption and Transparency
The Anti-Corruption Law, Law No. 190/2012, in execution of the Article 6 of the United Nations Convention against Corruption, designed an anti- corruption system based on prevention and introduced in Italy the National Anti-Corruption Authority that is the central actor of the system. The provisions introduced by the Anti-Corruption Law find an essential complement in the Legislative Decrees No. 33 and No. 39 of 2013, to which the Law has delegated the implementation of important principles and guidelines with reference, respectively, to the transparency and to the system of ineligibility and incompatibility of positions in public administration and in the Presidential Decree No. 62/2013 which sets out the rules of conduct for all civil servants.
The system has been completed in 2014 with the integration of the supervision on public contracts in the system of corruption prevention, according to the law decree No. 90/2014, converted with modification by the Law No. 114/2014.